Every person of the world have asked itself what is the fastest airplane in the world and for that matter there are lots of lists on the Internet named fastest planes in the world. The fastest planes are developed by designers using more powerful engines and reduction of drag through aerodynamic engineering. Engine technology continues to improve for the fastest airplanes and so, the afterburner were developed that greatly improved the power of jet engines. Years ago, the fastest planes primarily used aluminum and magnesium in their construction, but today incorporate magnesium alloys and specially formulated steel along with carbon and graphite composite materials. If you are already interested, continue reading and find out what is the fastest plane on Earth.
HTV-2 The Falcon
Hypersonic Technology Vehicle II a.k.a. HTV-2 The Falcon is the world’s fastest air craft. HTV-2 is produced by the Americans and was first presented in 2010. The Falcon is experimental rocket which is capable of flying at 13.000 mph! It is known as tester to the technologies of USA with capability to strike any target in the world in a moment. Can you imagine this speed? 20 times faster than the sound!
Launched in 2004, X-43A became the second fastest air craft in the world with maximum speed of 6.800 mph. It is also created by the Americans (NATO) and it is 9.3 times faster than the sound (3.700 mph). X-43A can gain the maximum speed in just 11 seconds and proved that scram-jet are workable engines with enormous potential. Scram-jets-powered aircraft have enormous possibilities, mainly because of the sheer speed. The scram-jet would be cheaper, safer and more flexible than the rockets.
This plane with 4.520 mph world speed record was the fastest manned airplane in the world before the HTV project. The rocket-powered X-15 was built in the early 1960s and designed the same year. Their idea was to see how human pilots could handle flying themselves into space. X-15 was modified by B-52 and would immediately ignite its reaction motors XLR-99 rocket engine with detaching 45.000 feet. Test pilot named Pete Knight on October 3rd 1967, took this plane to 4.519 mph which is absolute speed record for an airplane.
Blackbird The Blackbird is known to be the fastest manned airplane with 2.293 mph world speed record, although it is not. First introduced in 1966, the SR-71 Blackbird was mainly designed by Clarence Johnson, who has been named as an important figure in aviation history. Blackburn took its first flight on December 22nd 1964 and became able to service in January 1966. Its fuselage and wings could get as hot as 2.000 degrees F and were made from titanium. The cooling and heating helped to make this plane stronger as it grew older. SR-71 was able to fly at speed of mach 3.2 or more and was a must have as the U-2 reconnaissance airplane was highly vulnerable to Soviet air defenses due to its speed and ability to claim to higher altitudes. The plane was painted with a new technology paint that did not allow it to be easily spotted on a radar.
YF-12A The Lockheed
The Lockheed YF-12A is an American prototype aircraft and took its first flight in 1963. This air craft can fly with a maximum speed of 2.070 mph which makes the YF-12A last on our list.