Schizophrenia is a chronic psychiatric disorder which is characterized by so called “positive” symptoms such as hallucinations, distorted thinking, delusions and “negative” symptoms that include social isolation and flat affect.
Some of the symptoms that the person with schizophrenia might have are delusions, hallucinations, distortions in the perception of reality, disorganized speech, hearing voices, expressing ideas that don’t make sense and appear internally distracted. These are the preliminary signs of schizophrenia. Studies have shown that this mental disorders is caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
There are different types of schizophrenia, that may have the same symptoms, such as paranoid schizophrenia, disorganized schizophrenia, catatonic schizophrenia, undifferentiated schizophrenia and residual schizophrenia. Below are some interesting facts about schizophrenia that you need to know.
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Although there is no cure for schizophrenia, there are some effective treatments, medications and rehabilitation practices which help people with schizophrenia to lead successful and independent lives. Therefore schizophrenia is treatable.
Studies have shown that people receiving treatment for schizophrenia are not dangerous for other people, but in fact they are withdrawn and they prefer to be alone. Individuals with schizophrenia are more likely to be victims of violence than violent people. However, people who are not receiving treatment are at risk for committing violent acts.
This myth that people with schizophrenia have split of multiple personalities, may have come about because the word schizophrenia comes from the Greek words that mean “split mind”. However, the split is referring to a split from reality not a split of multiple personality.
Researches have proven that a combination of anti-psychotic medications and psychosocial therapies can help people with schizophrenia. Psychosocial therapies usually involve work, school, family, relationships and personal goals.
Schizophrenia is a complex disorder and can affect anyone, regardless of their race, culture, age, economic status or sex.
The causes for schizophrenia can be both genetic and environmental.
Schizophrenia affects approximately 1% of Americans.
The average age of onset for males is late teens to early 20s, and for females mid-20s to early 30s.
50% of people affected by schizophrenia have a co-occurring substance abuse or chemical dependency diagnosis.
Three out of 100 people will experience a psychotic episode at some time in their lives.
There are more Americans with schizophrenia than there are residents of Wyoming and North Dakota combined.
Three-quarters of people with schizophrenia develop this mental illness between 16 and 25 years of age.
Sometimes people with schizophrenia have “delusions of grandeur” in which they believe that they are exalted persons such as Jesus or Moses.
Studies have shown that 25% of individuals with schizophrenia recover completely, 50% showed improvement over a ten year period, and 25% do not improve at all.
So far, the most effective treatment are anti-psychotic medications. They are very effective for 70% of people with schizophrenia.
More mental health hospital beds are occupied by persons with schizophrenia than any other illness.