Your Guide to Buying a Camera

So you’re about to buy a brand new camera!! Exciting, isn’t it?! However, if you haven’t been in a position to purchase one before, you might be a little bit overwhelmed by the choice available online. How to choose the right one among the many and different types? What accessories do I need? There are so many options available online so it can be difficult to know how and where to start. When it comes to choosing the right camera shops Melbourne camera experts recommend to remember one thing, look for the most reputable and reliable one as this is the only you will be sure you are getting the best deal for your money.


Before you dive in the sea of searching the right camera shops Melbourne, take a look at this guide that will help you understand everything you need to know about buying a camera.

Types Of Cameras


If what you want is a big, trendy, luxury and expensive camera, you’re probably thinking of a DSLR (digital single lens reflex) camera. These types of fancy cameras are made of two main parts – the body and the lens, wherein you can take the lenses off and change them with new ones. DSLR cameras also have a mirror which allows you to look through the lens when taking pictures.

Once you press the shutter, the camera will record the scene as a digital image, wherein the sensor is quite large about 35mm film. Remember that the larger the sensor, the better the low light noise performance and better background blur (bokeh). Regarding the image quality, the lens is extremely important. In fact, the better the quality of the lens, the better the quality of the final image.

Mirrorless (& Micro Four Thirds)

These days, mirrorless cameras are also popular since they have almost the same features as a DSLR camera only in a smaller body and without the mirror. Just like with DSLRs, the lenses of mirrorless cameras can be also changed.

Mirrorless vs DSLR

Generally speaking, mirrorless cameras have some downsides when compared to DSLRs. Even though there are some models with full frame sensors, most mirrorless cameras have smaller sensors which means that they won’t be good for example at shooting in low light conditions or reaching the depth. The main advantage of these cameras is that they are much smaller and lighter than DSLRs.

Compact Point-and-Shoots

Point-and-shoots are the smallest cameras and their biggest advantage is their size. Because they’re small and easy to carry around, you might get more comfortable wearing this cutie with you rather than carrying a bigger mirrorless or DSLR camera. These cameras have permanently attached lens that cover a wide zoom range and they retract back into the camera to keep it nice and small when not in use.

The main downside of these cameras is that they have the smallest sensors, which means that the image quality won’t be as good as it would be with a DSLR camera. Additionally, some models do not have manual controls for key settings and the autofocus speeds is surely lower.

Action cams

Action Cams

Action cams are small and mountable cameras used mainly in sports and adventure photography, and for those who want to bring some unique perspective to their shots. The main downside of these cameras is that their settings are pretty limited.

Essential Features

Manual Mode

The manual mode allows you to take full control over the exposure of an image. For instance, in automatic mode, the camera selects aperture, ISO and shutter speed for you, while in manual mode, you select those three things yourself. When buying a new camera, check to see if it has a manual mode (usually labeled “M”).


ISO has the power to control the light sensitivity of the camera sensor. By increasing the sensor sensitivity you will be able to shoot in darker conditions even without a flash. SO, when buying a new camera, look for one that offers ISO 1600 or higher since some cameras can shoot as high as ISO 25,000 – 102,000!



Mega-pixels (MP) are a measure of the resolution of a camera which means that if the number of mega-pixels is greater, the high quality and sharp print you can make will be higher. For example, for 10x15cm and 13x18cm prints you will need 4MP to get good results! And a 8MP camera will easily make 20x25cm prints. With 20MP camera you will create top quality 30x46cm prints.


The proper focus is in fact, the thing that makes a great photography, because it draws the eye through the image to a precise spot that needs to be brightened more. When looking to buy a new camera you must consider the quality of the autofocus system. Here’s what you need to do: turn the camera on, look through the LCD screen or view finder, press the shutter release halfway down to activate the autofocus system, and focus on something. Focus on something close to you, and then something far away, and then close again. If the camera cannot focus as fast as you change what you’re looking at, or it can’t focus the precise thing, then you need to consider another camera model.

Well these are the main things you need to know when buying a new camera. You can also look for one that is ergonomic, which means that you need to take into consideration its size, weight, durability and menu system.

Goran Nikolov is a content writer of Protista, a website where you can find a lot of interesting lists. He is from Macedonia and has a passion to write lists about everything that surrounds him, especially about sports, health, music, technology and history. Goran loves to play basketball in his free time, enjoys playing on his guitar and sharing his thoughts with others.